Best Places To Visit in Indonesia

About Indonesia

Indonesia (capital: Jakarta), one of the world largest archipelago country (ranked 5th. in the world) located in Southeast Asia and Oceania, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. While it has land borders with Malaysia to the north as well as East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east, it also adjoins Australia to the south, and Palau, the Philippines, Vietnam, Singapore, and Thailand to the north, India to the northwest. Indonesia’s nation is almost unimaginably vast: it provides over 18,000 islands with 108,000 km of beaches. The distance from Aceh to the west to Papua to the east is 4,702 km (2,500 mi).

Lying on the western rim of the Ring of Fire, Indonesia has over 400 volcanoes, 129 of which are considered active, as well as multiple volcanoes in the undersea. New Guinea Island (where Papua’s Indonesian province is located) is the world’s second largest island, Borneo (about 2/3 Indonesian, with the rest belonging to Malaysia and Brunei) is the third largest island, and Sumatra is the sixth largest.

The Indonesian archipelago is the fourth most populous country (about 270 million) in the world after China, India and the USA, as well as the most populous country with a Muslim majority. The population is not evenly distributed among the five largest islands, Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan and Papua; Java has half the population. Indonesia is comprised of hundreds of distinct ethnic and linguistic indigenous communities. The Javanese (45%) of central and eastern Java who are the dominant ethnic group throughout the nation, the Sundanese (14%) from western Java, the Madurans (7.5%) from the island of Madura, and the Malaysian coast (7.5%), mostly from Sumatra.

The sole official language is Indonesian or Bahasa Indonesia. It is quite similar to Malay (spoken in Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore), so speakers of both languages can generally understand each other. More than 80 per cent of Indonesians currently have their own ethnic language, with Javanese and Sundanese being the most commonly spoken. Unlike in neighbouring Malaysia, Singapore and the Philippines, English is generally not widely spoken. 

Indonesia Attractions

Nature and culture are the main Indonesian tourism attractions. The former can boast a unique combination of a tropical climate, a vast archipelago, and a long stretch of beaches, complementing those with a rich cultural heritage that reflects the dynamic history and ethnic diversity of Indonesia. Indonesia has a well-preserved natural ecosystem with rainforests covering approximately 57% of Indonesia ‘s land (225 million acres). Examples of popular destinations are forests on Sumatra and Kalimantan, such as the Orangutan wildlife reserve. Indonesia also has one of the longest coastlines in the world, measuring 54.716 kilometers (33.999 millas).

Indonesia has nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Komodo National Park and Sawahlunto Coal Mine; and another 19 on a tentative list that includes Bunaken National Park and Raja Ampat Islands. Other attractions include the specific points of Indonesian history, such as the Dutch East Indies colonial heritage in the old towns of Jakarta and Semarang, and the royal palaces of Pagaruyung, Ubud, and Yogyakarta.

Best Time To Visit Indonesia

Indonesia lies along the equator, and its climate tends to be relatively even year-round. Temperatures in most places are between 25°C to 35°C, in the daytime with little day-to-day fluctuation, though nights may be cooler by a few degrees.There is no spring, summer, autumn or winter, just two seasons: rainy and dry, both of which are relative (it still rains during the dry season, it just rains less). While there are major regional differences, the dry season in most regions (including Java and Bali) is April through October, while the wet season is November through March. In many places rainfall like clockwork has made the seasons less predictable due to global warming. 

Droughts during the dry season are a major problem in some parts of Java and other islands, and water becomes a serious problem, but bottled drinking water is always available even in rural areas. Forest fires blankets many areas of Sumatra and Kalimantan in the middle of the dry season, typically in June, July and August, and as a result, airports are often closed for a day or two. As for these reasons, the best time to visit Indonesia as per my view is from November to March even though it is rainy season.